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Quaker Parakeet

Myiopsitta monachus

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Mutations Quaker Parakeets

Description of mutations

Description of the combination





Combinations of mutations



In case of the quaker parakeet we can obtain albino in two ways. By combining the blue bird with lutino: SL or NSL. Visual effect will be the same: snowy-white bird with red eyes and with lightened paws and claws.

One of ways to obtain albino based on the NLS lutino mutation:

blue x NSLlutino
100% green/blue NSLlutino

green/blue NSLlutino x green/blue NSLlutino
12,5% green/NSLlutino 6,25% green
6,25% NSLlutino
25,0% green/blue NSLlutino
12,5% green/blue
12,5% green/ NSLlutino
6,25% blue
6,25% blue NSLlutino (albino)

In case of the SL lutino mutation schemes can look as follows:

1,0 SLlutino x 0,1 blue
100% 1,0 green/NSLlutino blue
100% 0,1 SLlutino/blue

1,0 green/SLlutino, blue x 0,1 SLlutino/blue
12,5% 1,0 green/SLlutino
25,0% 1,0 green/SLlutino blue
12,5% 1,0 blue/SLlutino
12,5% 1,0 SLlutino
25,0% 1,0 SLlutino/blue
12,5% 1,0 SLlutino blue (albino)
12,5% 0,1 SLlutino
25,0% 0,1 SLlutino/blue
12,5% 0,1 SLlutino blue (albino)
12,5% 0,1 green
25,0% 0,1 green/blue
12,5% 0,1 blue



Next white quakers are birds arising from the combination of blue and DEC mutation. Appearance they resemble albinos, however in contrast to them have black eyes.

Because DEC (DEY) mutation similarly as the NSL lutino mutation is a autosomal recessive mutation, the way to obtain “white” quaker is identical like in case of albino, arising from the blue and NSL lutino mutation.

"Golden oil"


Determination of gold oil in the mutation world of parrots is assigned to the combination of cinnamon with greygreen mutation. Bird of this combination is lightened olive color. In case of quaker parakeet we have some inaccuracy, since golden oil name regards combination of the pallid with greygreen mutation. The reason of mistake lies in the fact that for about 25 years pallid mutation commonly was regarded erroneously as cinnamon. Breeders only recently realized about this mistake. However, the birds of combination pallid with oil are still determined as “golden oil”, even though the real cinnamon mutation already exists. It is an inappropriate term, which can mislead.

Example scheme to obtain “golden oil”:

1,0 greygreen(SF) x 0,1 cinnamon
50% 1,0 greygreen(SF)/cinnamon
50% 1,0 green/cinnamon
50% 0,1 greygreen(SF)
50% 0,1 green

1,0 greygreen(SF)/cinnamon x 0,1 zielony
25% 1,0 greygreen(SF)/cinnamon
25% 1,0 green/cinnamon
25% 1,0 greygreen(SF)
25% 1,0 green
25% 0,1 greygreen(SF)
25% 0,1 green
25% 0,1 greygreen(SF) cinnamon = "golden oil"
25% 0,1 cinnamon

Due to the fact that cinnamon mutation is very rare mutation, in order to obtain substitute of real so-called golden oil we can use the pallid mutation. Since it belongs to the family of recessive sex-linked mutations similarly as the cinnamon mutation, above schemes will have also applicable in case of the pallid mutation.

Cobalt and mauve


As I already earlier mentioned, combining the dark green (SF dark green) with blue mutation we will receive the bird of nice cobalt color. While, the olive mutation (DF dark green) connected with blue will give the bird of very dark grey color, which popularly is called mauve.

Since the blue and dark green mutations are connected we can meet with two different inheritance schemes of these mutations in relation to each other. The type T1 appears when the bird has one gene responsible for the blue mutation which is split of this mutation and has one gene of the dark factor mutation which is dark green; these genes are located on the same chromosome. If these genes are located on different chromosomes of given pair, then we deal with the type T2.

dark green x blue
50% green/blue
50% dark green/blue

dark green/blue(T1) x blue
7% green/blue
43% dark green/blue(T1)
43% blue
7% dark green blue (cobalt)

dark green /blue(T2) x blue
43% green/blue
7% dark green /blue(T1)
7% blue
43% dark green blue (cobalt)

dark green/blue(T1) x dark green/blue(T1)
quaker_parakeet 18,49% olive
0,49% green
6,02% dark green blue (cobalt)
36,98% dark green/blue(T1)
6,02% olive/blue
6,02% dark green
6,02% green/blue
0,98% dark green/blue(T2)
18,49% blue
0,49% olive blue (mauve)

dark green/blue(T1) x dark green/blue(T2)
3,01% olive
3,01% green
18,98% dark green blue (cobalt)
6,02% dark green/blue(T1)
18,98% olive/blue
18,98% dark green
18,98% green/blue
6,02% dark green/blue(T2)
3,01% blue
3,01% olive blue (mauve)

dark green/blue(T2) x dark green/blue(T2)
0,49% olive
36,98% dark green/blue(T2)
6,02% dark green blue (cobalt)
6,02% green/blue
0,98% dark green/blue(T1)
6,02% dark green
18,49% green
6,02% olive/blue
0,49% blue
18,49% olive blue (mauve)

dark green/blue(T1) x dark green blue (cobalt)
3,5% dark green/blue(T2)
25,0% dark green blue (cobalt)
21,5% dark green/blue(T1)
21,5% olive/blue
3,5% green/blue
21,5% blue
3,5% olive blue(mauve)

dark green/blue(T2) x dark green blue (cobalt)
21,5% dark green/blue(T2)
25,0% dark green blue (cobalt)
21,5% green/blue
3,5% dark green/blue(T1)
3,5% olive/blue
3,5% blue
21,5% olive blue (mauve)

dark green/blue(T1) x olive blue (mauve)
43,0% dark green blue (cobalt)
7,0% dark green/blue(T2)
7,0% olive blue (mauve)
43,0% olive/blue

dark green/blue(T2) x olive blue (mauve)
7,0% dark green blue (cobalt)
43,0% dark green/blue(T2)
7,0% olive/blue
43,0% olive blue (mauve)

dark green blue x dark green blue
25% blue
25% olive blue (mauve)
50% dark green blue (cobalt)

olive blue x olive blue
100% olive blue (mauve)

Actually never know to what type the bird of dark green mutation is included, which is split of the blue mutation. After bringing up a lot of young by such species we can suspect that it’s included in a specific type.


Another basic combination of the mutation which we can obtain in quaker parakeet is lacewing that is combination of cinnamon and lutino mutations. From such combination we will obtain the yellow bird with a bit dirty cinnamon coating. Since in quaker two lutino mutations appear, we can receive lacewing combinations in two ways.

Lacewing based on the SL lutino mutation:

1,0 SLlutino x 0,1 cinnamon
100% 1,0 green/NSLlutino cinnamon
100% 0,1 NSLlutino

1,0 green/SLlutino cinnamon x 0,1 SLlutino
48,5% 1,0 SLlutino/cinnamon
1,5% 1,0 green/SLlutino cinnamon
48,5% 1,0 green/SLlutino
1,5% 1,0 SLlutino
48,5% 0,1 SLlutino cinnamon (lacewing)
1,5% 0,1 cinnamon
48,5% 0,1 green
1,5% 0,1 SLlutino


1,0 green/SLlutino cinnamon x 0,1 cinnamon
48,5% 1,0 green/cinnamon
1,5% 1,0 green/SLlutino cinnamon
48,5% 1,0 cinnamon/SLlutino
1,5% 1,0 cinnamon
48,5% 0,1 SLlutino cinnamon (lacewing)
1,5% 0,1 cinnamon
48,5% 0,1 green
1,5% 0,1 SLlutino

Lacewing based on the NSL lutino mutation:

1,0 cinnamon x 0,1 NSLlutino
100% 1,0 green/NSLlutino cinnamon
100% 0,1 cinnamon/NSLlutino

1,0 green/NSLlutino cynamon x 0,1 NSLlutino
25% 1,0 green//NSLlutino cinnamon
25% 1,0 NSLlutino/cinnamon
25% 1,0 green/NSLlutino
25% 1,0 NSLlutino
25% 0,1 green/NSLlutino
25% 0,1 NSLlutino
25% 0,1 cinnamon/NSLlutino
25% 0,1 NSLlutino cinnamon (Lacewing)



By combining three mutations: cinnamon, blue and greygreen we will receive light grey bird. Such a triple combination is determined as silver. Similarly like in case of golden oil, currently breeders “creating” silver quaker, instead of the cinnamon mutation use the pallid mutation.

Example schemes to obtain the silver combination:

1,0 greygreen(SF) blue x 0,1 cinnamon
50% 1,0 greygreen(SF)/blue cinnamon
50% 1,0 green/blue cinnamon
50% 0,1 greygreen(SF)/blue
50% 0,1 green/blue

1,0 greygreen(SF)/blue cinnamon x 0,1 blue
12,5% 1,0 greygreen(SF) blue/cinnamon
12,5% 1,0 blue/cinnamon
12,5% 1,0 greygreen(SF)/blue cinnamon
12,5% 1,0 green/blue cinnamon
12,5% 1,0 greygreen(SF) blue
12,5% 1,0 blue
12,5% 1,0 greygreen(SF)/blue
12,5% 1,0 green/blue
12,5% 0,1 greygreen(SF) blue
12,5% 0,1 blue
12,5% 0,1 greygreen(SF)/blue
12,5% 0,1 green/blue
12,5% 0,1 greygreen(SF) blue cinnamon (silver)
12,5% 0,1 blue cinnamon
12,5% 0,1 greygreen(SF) cinnamon/blue
12,5% 0,1 cinnamon/blue



As a result of combining the aqua mutation (parblue) with one of two lutino mutations we will receive very spectacular combination. Bird will be brightly yellow color with the lightened mask and quills. At present it is very rare combination of quaker parakeet. More often we can meet with the aqua blue lutino combination. Sometimes happens that they are called cremino, however it’s not correct. These specimens are even more brightened. It is possible to describe them as almost white birds with delicate coating of yellow color.

Similar effect to cremino it is possible to obtain combining the aqua mutation with DEY. However, such a combination probably wasn't still brought up.

Example scheme to obtain cremino based on the SL lutino:

1,0 aqua x 0,1 SLlutino blue
100% 1,0 aqua blue/SLlutino
100% 0,1 aqua blue

1,0 aqua blue/SLlutino x 0,1 aqua
25% 1,0 aqua/SLlutino
25% 1,0 aqua blue/SLlutino
25% 1,0 aqua
25% 1,0 aqua blue
25% 0,1 aqua blue SLlutino
25% 0,1 aqua SLlutino (cremino)
25% 0,1 aqua
25% 0,1 aqua blue

© Paweł Pawłowski